Asthma: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Do you know that asthma is the noncommunicable disease (NCD) with the highest prevalence rate among children and affects both children and adults? 

Inflammation causes asthma symptoms, including coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and tightness in the chest. In addition, inflammation causes the tiny airbags in the lungs to become narrower, which in turn causes asthma symptoms.

World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that asthma affected approximately 262 million people worldwide in 2019. This condition was responsible for about 4,55,000 deaths all over the world. Nevertheless, some medications can control asthma and allow people to lead active lives. These medications are inhaled.

An Overview Of Asthma?

Asthma is a medical condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, which causes them to become narrowed and swollen. It also produces extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe and causes coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Asthma can also be inherited.

An asthma attack is sometimes nothing more than a minor annoyance. However, sometimes it becomes a serious issue that interferes with day-to-day activities. Regrettably, there is currently no cure for asthma. However, its symptoms can be managed.

The Signs And Symptoms Of Asthma

Asthma can manifest itself in varying degrees of frequency and severity from person to person. While some people may not experience the symptoms of asthma very frequently, other people may be more prone to experiencing them regularly.

These Signs May Include Things Like

  • A hacking cough, particularly in the wee hours of the morning and late at night

  • Discomfort or stiffness in the chest area

  • Difficulty in taking a breath

  • Wheezing (a coarse whistling sound when you breathe) (a coarse whistling sound when you breathe)

What Are The Causes Of Asthma? 

Although nobody knows what triggers asthma, several things can worsen the condition.

The flare-up of their symptoms, such as

  • Asthma brought on by exercise may be made worse by weather conditions such as low humidity and low temperature while you are working out.

  • Occupational asthma is an asthmatic condition caused by workplace irritants, such as chemical fumes, gases, or dust.

  • Pollen, mould spores, insect faeces, pet skin, and dried saliva droplets are airborne pollutants that can trigger allergic asthma (pet dander).

What Causes an Asthma Attack in a Person?

When people with asthma are exposed to their triggers, they may experience an asthma attack. Some people may have an episode immediately, while others will not  have one for hours or even days. 

A Few Common Triggers Of Asthma Are: 

  • Smoke, factory emissions, and vehicle exhaust are the primary contributors to air pollution.

  • An asthma attack could be brought on by an allergy to dust mites.

  • Aerobic exertion has the potential to bring on an attack.

  • Asthma attacks can occur in sensitive individuals who are allergic to mould spores.

  • Rodents like mice and insects like cockroaches can trigger asthma attacks.

  • The allergens shed by pets, known as dander, can aggravate asthma symptoms, particularly hair loss.

  • The risk of developing asthma is increased in people who smoke.

  • Exposure to powerful chemicals and their odours may make the symptoms even worse.

  • Any particular hazards that may be found in the workplace.

  • Illnesses such as the common cold and the flu

  • Medications are available only with a doctor’s prescription, particularly anti-inflammatory pain relievers like ibuprofen and aspirin.

  • Temperature extremes of any kind, including wind, cold, heat, or sudden shifts in the weather

Asthma And The Medications Used To Treat It

Sadly, there is currently no treatment for asthma that has been identified. Despite this, many medications can be of assistance in disease management. In addition, your doctor can devise a unique action plan for you to follow to live an active and everyday life. This includes the following:

1. Medications For The Temporary Relief Of Symptoms

There are not many medications that can help prevent or reduce the symptoms of an asthma attack. To begin, your primary care physician may recommend that you carry an inhaler with you at all times to relieve feelings of shortness of breath. Second, if your asthma is severe, you may be required to take several different pills and medications.

2. Techniques For Avoiding Triggers

Assecondhand smoke triggers asthma attacks, you should avoid being around people who smoke. In addition, you should avoid walking barefoot on carpets and rugs, especially in the bedrooms. In addition, vacuum your home once a week, utilising a vacuum cleaner with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter.

The Bottom Line

Adults and children alike may experience difficulty breathing as a result of the condition known as asthma. This condition affects the lungs.

Regrettably, there is currently no treatment available for people with asthma. Nevertheless, there are a variety of medications that can be used to control asthma. Bronchodilators are the most common type of treatment. They can be taken for either a short period to treat an asthma attack or a long period to manage symptoms over time.

Alterations to one’s way of life also help control asthma. For example, alterations to one’s diet, physical activity, methods of managing stress, and even meditative practices may be included.



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